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Your body contains a pigment called melanin, which determines the colour of your skin, hair and eyes. When skin cells are healthy, the skin appears even. When they become damaged or unhealthy, extra melanin is produced to protect the skin. Alternatively, the cells that produce pigment can be damaged, which prevents melanin production. People with darker skin have more melanin in their skin, with increased risk of pigmentation concerns more than those of a lighter skin. Pigmentation comes in various forms, most commonly is hyperpigmentation (Sun Damage), Hypopigmentation (Loss of pigment, white patches), Melasma is hormonal pigmentation. Acne suffers commonly experienced post-inflammatory and lentigo/lentigines (age spots) The common causes of hyperpigmentation: genetics, sun exposure, hormonal changes and trauma to the skin.
The appearance of hyperpigmentation will be dark patches or dark circles that form on the skin. The process of the patches developing is called melanogenesis, melanocytes are responsible for producing pigment (Skin Tone). When the melanocytes become damaged they over produce melanin, causing the areas to become darker to protect the area. Lack of sun protection is a big factor in hyperpigmentation as it is primarily caused by sun exposure. When damage occurs on the skin and then is exposed to the uv-rays without protection, the issues begin.
Pigmentation can be controlled and reduced with the correct treatments and homecare. Pigmentation does require commitment to remove, if you have damage present, however you can prevent reoccurance.
You will need sun protection all year round. Summer is when the UV- B is most common which is your burning ray. In the winter, it is just as important to wear sun protection due to UV- A. Uv- A is present all year round, even with cloudy days, it penetrates into your dermal layer and causes collagen breakdown, also associated with skin cancers.
Pigmentation can be lightened and reduced using medically proven products containing Tyrosinase Inhibitors. It will help to suppress the overactive melanocytes to aid in its removal. Combined with a pigment corrector that will break down the current dark areas. Usually coupled with chemical peeling to help with cell turnover and to create an even skin tone.
Skin peels harness the power of naturally occurring acids and active ingredients to deeply exfoliate and brighten the skin. The treatments stimulate new cell growth and collagen production, helping to reveal healthier, brighter and fresher skin.